The primary reason behind pain in neuroma is often irritation, pressure or injury. Foot Neuroma is also described as a nerve tumor, but that may not always be the case. Foot Neuroma is a condition whereby the nerve swells to a point it may cause permanent nerve damage.
Experts do not know the exact cause for this condition, but there are several factors known to play a role in its development. Some of these include high foot arches, having flat feet and improper positioning of the toes and bunions. Also, wearing high heels and tight fitting shoes is known to be a contributing factor. That’s probably why this condition is prevalent in women more than men.
If you experience constant foot tingling and pain, you may want to consult a podiatrist which you can find from the Taking Initiatives In Health website. The type of pain felt and the intensity would be of great use in diagnosing the condition. Inform the doctor about the foot conditions you currently have, the shoes you often wear, sports activities, work as well as your lifestyle.
In the diagnosis of Foot Neuroma, the first step involves a thorough physical examination. There’s usually a tingling sensation when the sides of your foot are squeezed, and tenderness can be felt upon compression. The physician will also take an x-ray of your foot to rule out bone issues. They can ideally perform magnetic resonance imaging, also known as MRI, nerve testing, and electromyography.
Treating foot neuroma usually involves three basic treatments. Resting the foot is perhaps the simplest. You can use arch supports or foot pads to help reduce the pressure on the suffering nerve. These can either be bought over the counter or custom made. Another way to manage the pain is by taping the area and avoiding high heel shoes. You can ideally minimize the pain by wearing shoes with wider toe boxes.
Another way to manage the neuroma pain is by taking anti-inflammatory medicine, or injections of nerve blocking meds into the toe region. However, painkillers are not ideal if you are looking for a permanent solution. Implementing orthotics and cortisone injections may be combined to help treat the condition.
Another treatment alternative is chemical neurolysis or destroying the nerve using 4% alcohol with phenol and sarapin. This treatment option involves a series of injections using an alcohol solution mixed with a local anesthetic. This repeated exposure to chemicals ultimately destroys the region of the nerve that’s causing the pain.
For some patients, surgical treatment may be required. This is particularly true when the nerve is extensively damaged. This type of surgical treatment is called decompression surgery and involves cutting the nearby structures with the aim of relieving the pressure on the nerve. This, in turn, alleviates the pain. This surgical treatment, however, is only warranted if other treatment options don’t provide relief. That’s because as with any other surgical procedure, decompression surgery can lead to complications such as excessive swelling, bleeding, healing issues, infections, and scarring. In some cases, a more painful neuroma can occur.
So, if you notice any signs of foot neuroma, it is advisable to consult your physician immediately.